Difference between revisions of "Gimp create old weathered posters and other images"

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(Created page with "This is a tutorial on how to create an old and weathered look for posters and billboards in the GIMP. Replacing textures is probably everyone's first step into more 'complex' mo...")
 
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This is a tutorial on how to create an old and weathered look for posters and billboards in the GIMP.
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This is a tutorial on how to create an old and weathered look for posters and billboards in [http://www.gimp.org/ the GIMP].
  
 
Replacing textures is probably everyone's first step into more 'complex' modding outside of the GECK/Construction Set... (it was for me anyway). And what more fun way than to replace posters and billoards with things you are interested in: Cars, Big Explosions, Music Bands, Anime, Women...
 
Replacing textures is probably everyone's first step into more 'complex' modding outside of the GECK/Construction Set... (it was for me anyway). And what more fun way than to replace posters and billoards with things you are interested in: Cars, Big Explosions, Music Bands, Anime, Women...
Line 5: Line 5:
 
Please note that this isn't a tutorial about extracting and creating .dds files (I will probably make a tutorial for that later). This is basically just a 'how to use gimp' sort of tutorial. I have put it under the textures category since that's essential what these techniques can be used for.
 
Please note that this isn't a tutorial about extracting and creating .dds files (I will probably make a tutorial for that later). This is basically just a 'how to use gimp' sort of tutorial. I have put it under the textures category since that's essential what these techniques can be used for.
  
This article is probably viewed best on a large monitor. Any monitor less than 1280px wide is probably going to find it too difficulty to see everything.
+
'''This article is probably viewed best on a large monitor. Any monitor less than 1280px wide is probably going to find it too difficulty to see everything.'''
  
  
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___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 21.jpg]]
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Now lets select our original image layer again. Go to the Brightness-Constrast menu under the 'Colours' tab.
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 22.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
Lower the brightness quite a bit and up the contrast if you want.
 +
 +
I don't just do this to enhance the old look. It is also needed because if the images aren't lowered a good notch in brightness, then they will appear too blindingly bright ingame. They will reflect light too much and appear blurred.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 23.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
Now duplicate the image layer you just edited and drag it to the top of the box, just below the paper texture.
 +
 +
Create a new layer below it just like you did for the paper texture and merge it down.
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 24.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Now lower it's opacity and change the mode to overlay (I do this to enhance the image a little bit).
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 25.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Create a new layer and drag it just below your main visible image, just like you've done twice before.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 26.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Select your main vault boy image (not the backup one, the one highlighted in blue like in the picture above) and right click it. Select 'Merge Down'.
 +
 +
As explained earlier, this is so that the images have a transparent base. If you delete anything off it, you will see that it becomes transparent instead of a solid white.
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 27.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
Now duplicate the 'new' layer you just merged together.
 +
 +
If you've followed everything so far, your layers list should look something like this.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 28.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
Now it's time to simulate the rips and tears that it will have sustained over the years. Select the eraser tool, select a nice random grunge brush and start erasing away on your main image layer. If you haven't already done so, you may want to create a 'backup' of your main image... duplicate it and unselect the 'eye'. Now if you accidently erase too much, you've always got a backup to fall back to.
 +
 +
Note the little blue directional arrows in the bottom right. That is a tool to move your image about to let you at the sides of the image.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 29.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
As you can see here, I've moved far to the top left that isn't accesible by just normal scrolling.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 30.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
What's it good for? You can now have most of your brush off the image and only delete the edges away. It allows you to use a lot larger brushes without deleting your entire image.
 +
 +
You could potentially scale the brushes down as explained earlier, but much of their detail may be lost and would probably become just a solid blob.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 31.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Another method is to use the rectangle select tool (or the circular or manual select if you want) and draw a selection over your image.
 +
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 32.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
This stops you deleting anything outside of your selection. So you could potentially select a few areas and go wild deleting without having to worry about ruining the entire image.
 +
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 33.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Yet another method is to just create a new layer, select your favourite grunge brushes and go wild on that layer. Use a black paintbrush instead of the eraser tool.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 34.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
After you're done, select the layer and untick the 'eye' box so that it isn't visible anymore. Right click the layer and select 'Alpha to Selection'. This will select only the black areas of your layer, as the rest should be empty/transparent.
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 35.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Now select your main image layer again. Select the eraser tool, some nice random grunge brushes and click around your image a few times.
 +
 +
This is a method I use to create truly random deletion across the image. Not only is a grunge brush random, you now only can delete from random parts of your image due to your current selection (if that makes sense).
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 36.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
Now clear your selection (CTRL+SHIFT+A) and right click your main image layer. Choose 'Alpha to Selection' and go to the 'Select' menu at the top of the main window. Choose 'Invert'.
 +
 +
You now only have the 'gaps' in your image selected (the holes/tears/rips).
 +
 +
 +
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 37.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Note: Before doing the below instructions you may want to now make a backup file of your project (save as another name) or you could duplicate each layer and unselect the eye to make them backups within the current project itself (just like we have done for the main image):
 +
 +
Select each visible layer one by one going up the list and press delete once each time. This is to get rid of any colour/paint that is resting over one of the 'holes'.
 +
 +
This basically applies the holes/rips/tears to all layers. It's basically ensuring that those areas are truly transparent.
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 38.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
I decided to add one more touch to the image. Select a black grunge brush and put a few dabs around the corners, lower the opacity, change the mode if you want and you should be done.
 +
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
Let's have a look at our product.
 +
 +
 +
Before:
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 39.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
After:
 +
 +
 +
[[File:Gimp create old weathered posters image 40.jpg]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
Not bad!
 +
 +
It is always advised to keep a copy of your .xcf (the default GIMP file) around so that you can make changes later on if you choose to.
 +
 +
After saving your .xcf, go to File -> Save as -> Enter a name (and save it as a PNG) -> Select 'Merge all visible layers' when it asks you and you're done.
 +
 +
Note that the white areas in the above image are due to me uploading all images as jpgs. JPGs can't hold transparency info.
 +
 +
 +
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 +
 +
 +
 +
I suppose that turned out pretty well.
 +
 +
As this is just a basic guide, I would advise you to now try experimenting around with different settings!
 +
 +
Just save the .xcf file and go wild trying different tools and utilities available in the GIMP. You might just come up with something that is far more to your liking than the methods I've shown you!
 +
 +
I hope this article was useful to you! :)
 +
 +
 +
[[Category:Fallout 3]]
 +
[[Category:New Vegas]]
 +
[[Category:Tutorials]]
 +
[[Category:GIMP]]
 +
[[Category:Tools]]
 +
[[Category:Graphics]]

Revision as of 23:51, 20 June 2011

This is a tutorial on how to create an old and weathered look for posters and billboards in the GIMP.

Replacing textures is probably everyone's first step into more 'complex' modding outside of the GECK/Construction Set... (it was for me anyway). And what more fun way than to replace posters and billoards with things you are interested in: Cars, Big Explosions, Music Bands, Anime, Women...

Please note that this isn't a tutorial about extracting and creating .dds files (I will probably make a tutorial for that later). This is basically just a 'how to use gimp' sort of tutorial. I have put it under the textures category since that's essential what these techniques can be used for.

This article is probably viewed best on a large monitor. Any monitor less than 1280px wide is probably going to find it too difficulty to see everything.


DISCLAIMER: I am by no means an expert at photo manipulation or using GIMP. These are all self-taught techniques after many hours messing around in GIMP.


Gimp create old weathered posters image 1.jpg


Open up your image that you would like to edit in GIMP.

Note: If you are planning on replacing textures, then have a look at the default texture files for the posters first. You'll see that each urbanpostersXX.dds will have four images arranged in a specific way. You should have prepared an image that looks something like this:


Gimp create old weathered posters image 2.jpg

Original design


Gimp create old weathered posters image 3.jpg

Your own design (A truly magnificent selection by the way)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 4.jpg


But to keep things small and simple, I will just show you the techniques behind aging an image. Select your image in the layers tab, right click it and select 'Duplicate Layer'.

This is to keep a backup of your image. It saves you the hassle of re-opening it and copy/pasting it around in case you need the original image again.


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 5.jpg


It is not 100% necessary, but for good measure, unselect the little 'eye' next to your original layer.

Now right click the window again and select 'New Layer'.



____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 6.jpg


Name it according with what you're planning to do there. In my case, I'm calling it 'Orange Tint' since we'll be altering the colours a little with this layer. Also make sure the 'Layer Fill Type' is set to transparency.

It's a good practice to name your layers to keep track of what does what. Very useful for images that will have many layers like this one.


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 7.jpg


Now on the left hand side, select the 'Fill' tool, then click on the coloured squares to bring up the colour palette. Choose a nice orange that you like.


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 8.jpg


Be sure to have your new 'Orange Tint' layer selected (with the 'eye' active) and click in the middle of the image to fill it all up with orange.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 9.jpg


Now look at the top of the layers window. Lower the opacity by a good notch and select a good 'Mode' for the layer to apply the orange to your image. I selected 'Burn' in this case, though you can choose anything you like. Try checking out the other modes to see if you like any of them better.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 10.jpg


Now create a new layer and name it 'Dirt #1' and select the paintbrush tool.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 11.jpg


Select a 'grunge' brush from the bottom right to apply some nice (and dirty looking) blotches of grey to your image. The GIMP comes with a rather limited amount of brush types but luckily you can downloaded some for free on Deviantart.

Here LINK is what you can find on deviantart by searching 'GIMP Grunge'. Check them out and see which brushes appeal to you the most. Follow the readmes provided with them on how to install them to GIMP.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 12.jpg


Once again we'll be changing the mode and opacity of the layer. Nothing is set in stone here, you can mess around with the settings to get a result you're happy with.


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 13.jpg


Do this a few times while creating new layers for seperate colours or styles.

I just do this so that if I later realize I've gone overboard I can easily deselect (untick the 'eye' button) to remove a few of them.

It is probably a good idea to save your file now after all that work. The default gimp file that stores all your settings and layers, etc, is called a .XCF file.

You should ideally save regularly as GIMP does not have any autosave feature. That means if it crashes for some reason, you won't be able to restore your work.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 14.jpg



Now open the file menu on the left and select 'Open as Layers'. We're going to import an image that you will find on google images.

Search for 'Paper Texture' and choose one of the large paper images in the results... we're going to import that to our image and apply its texture to our image.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 15.jpg



It should look something like this.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 16.jpg


Create a new layer and drag it below the paper texture. Now select the paper texture layer, right click it and select 'Merge Down'.

This is to give the 'paper texture' layer a transparent base. If you don't do this and delete something from this layer, then the deleted parts will turn white (like a blank canvas). We want to see the layers below if we delete something though... that's why we merge the image with a purely transparent layer, so that the deleted areas become transparent too.



___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 17.jpg


Now make sure the texture layer is still selected and change its mode to 'Overlay'. You can leave the opacity at 100.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 18.jpg


I've decided to add a few more 'Dirt' layers to my image. Here I am about to slap a whole load of black onto my image.

If you notice that some brushes are too large, you can change their scale with the slider on the left side to shrink them.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 19.jpg


Ooo, that looks awesomely gooey... but I want to be able to see our Vault Boy. So, I lowered the opacity and messed around with the mode again.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 20.jpg


I also added a few white blotches to the image (once again with grunge brushes) and changed the mode to 'difference' and lowered the opacity.

I think it gives it an interesting look, the white marks look like dirt has been scraped away at those parts by something.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 21.jpg


Now lets select our original image layer again. Go to the Brightness-Constrast menu under the 'Colours' tab.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 22.jpg


Lower the brightness quite a bit and up the contrast if you want.

I don't just do this to enhance the old look. It is also needed because if the images aren't lowered a good notch in brightness, then they will appear too blindingly bright ingame. They will reflect light too much and appear blurred.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 23.jpg


Now duplicate the image layer you just edited and drag it to the top of the box, just below the paper texture.

Create a new layer below it just like you did for the paper texture and merge it down. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 24.jpg


Now lower it's opacity and change the mode to overlay (I do this to enhance the image a little bit).


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 25.jpg


Create a new layer and drag it just below your main visible image, just like you've done twice before.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 26.jpg


Select your main vault boy image (not the backup one, the one highlighted in blue like in the picture above) and right click it. Select 'Merge Down'.

As explained earlier, this is so that the images have a transparent base. If you delete anything off it, you will see that it becomes transparent instead of a solid white. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 27.jpg


Now duplicate the 'new' layer you just merged together.

If you've followed everything so far, your layers list should look something like this.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 28.jpg


Now it's time to simulate the rips and tears that it will have sustained over the years. Select the eraser tool, select a nice random grunge brush and start erasing away on your main image layer. If you haven't already done so, you may want to create a 'backup' of your main image... duplicate it and unselect the 'eye'. Now if you accidently erase too much, you've always got a backup to fall back to.

Note the little blue directional arrows in the bottom right. That is a tool to move your image about to let you at the sides of the image.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 29.jpg



As you can see here, I've moved far to the top left that isn't accesible by just normal scrolling.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Gimp create old weathered posters image 30.jpg


What's it good for? You can now have most of your brush off the image and only delete the edges away. It allows you to use a lot larger brushes without deleting your entire image.

You could potentially scale the brushes down as explained earlier, but much of their detail may be lost and would probably become just a solid blob.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 31.jpg


Another method is to use the rectangle select tool (or the circular or manual select if you want) and draw a selection over your image.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 32.jpg



This stops you deleting anything outside of your selection. So you could potentially select a few areas and go wild deleting without having to worry about ruining the entire image.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 33.jpg


Yet another method is to just create a new layer, select your favourite grunge brushes and go wild on that layer. Use a black paintbrush instead of the eraser tool.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 34.jpg


After you're done, select the layer and untick the 'eye' box so that it isn't visible anymore. Right click the layer and select 'Alpha to Selection'. This will select only the black areas of your layer, as the rest should be empty/transparent.



__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 35.jpg


Now select your main image layer again. Select the eraser tool, some nice random grunge brushes and click around your image a few times.

This is a method I use to create truly random deletion across the image. Not only is a grunge brush random, you now only can delete from random parts of your image due to your current selection (if that makes sense).


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 36.jpg



Now clear your selection (CTRL+SHIFT+A) and right click your main image layer. Choose 'Alpha to Selection' and go to the 'Select' menu at the top of the main window. Choose 'Invert'.

You now only have the 'gaps' in your image selected (the holes/tears/rips).


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 37.jpg


Note: Before doing the below instructions you may want to now make a backup file of your project (save as another name) or you could duplicate each layer and unselect the eye to make them backups within the current project itself (just like we have done for the main image):

Select each visible layer one by one going up the list and press delete once each time. This is to get rid of any colour/paint that is resting over one of the 'holes'.

This basically applies the holes/rips/tears to all layers. It's basically ensuring that those areas are truly transparent. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Gimp create old weathered posters image 38.jpg


I decided to add one more touch to the image. Select a black grunge brush and put a few dabs around the corners, lower the opacity, change the mode if you want and you should be done.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Let's have a look at our product.


Before:

Gimp create old weathered posters image 39.jpg



After:


Gimp create old weathered posters image 40.jpg


Not bad!

It is always advised to keep a copy of your .xcf (the default GIMP file) around so that you can make changes later on if you choose to.

After saving your .xcf, go to File -> Save as -> Enter a name (and save it as a PNG) -> Select 'Merge all visible layers' when it asks you and you're done.

Note that the white areas in the above image are due to me uploading all images as jpgs. JPGs can't hold transparency info.


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


I suppose that turned out pretty well.

As this is just a basic guide, I would advise you to now try experimenting around with different settings!

Just save the .xcf file and go wild trying different tools and utilities available in the GIMP. You might just come up with something that is far more to your liking than the methods I've shown you!

I hope this article was useful to you! :)